Peptides are destined to play a major role as therapeutic agents. Our laboratory in Barcelona is contributing to speeding up this process. On the one hand, we devote efforts to studying the molecular details and dynamics of the events that occur during molecular recognition at protein surfaces. On the other hand, we are discovering and designing peptides able to cross biological barriers. Our aim is to use these peptides as shuttles for targeting therapeutic agents to organs, tissues, or cells, with a special emphasis on drug delivery to the brain. In recent years, we have addressed our efforts towards fighting against cancer, schizophrenia, infectious diseases, and Friedreich’s ataxia.